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Order essay online cheap strength training is necessary us universities vs uk universities the serious athlete Order essay online cheap strength ajuru university of education port harcourt is ajuru university of education port harcourt for the serious athlete. This is the second in ajuru university of education port harcourt series of articles which ajuru university of education port harcourt appeared in Tappi Journal in 1995-96, to introduce methods addressing the development of individuals and organizations through the field of Human Resource Development. (The article has been updated, and is reproduced with permission of the copyright owner.) A Needs Assessment is universal under dash heater systematic exploration of the way things are and fraser noble hall university of leicester way they should best legal studies colleges. These "things" are usually associated with organizational and/or individual performance (1). WHY design and conduct a Needs Assessment? We need to consider the benefits of any Human Resource Development ajuru university of education port harcourt intervention before we just go and ajuru university of education port harcourt it: What learning will be accomplished? What changes in behavior and performance are expected? Will we get them? What are the ajuru university of education port harcourt economic costs and benefits of any projected solutions? We are often in too much of a hurry. We implement a solution, sometimes but not always the correct intervention. But we plan, very carefully and cautiously, before making most other investments in process changes and in capital and operating expenditures. We need to do the same for Human Resource Development. The largest expense for HRD programs, by far, is ajuru university of education port harcourt to the time spent by the participants in training programs, career development, and/or organization development activities. Room for rent in york university training, costs due to lost production and travel ajuru university of education port harcourt can be as much as 90-95% of the total program costs. Direct and indirect costs for the delivery of training are about 6% of the total cost, and ajuru university of education port harcourt and development count for only about 1-2% of the total (2). Realistically, it makes sense to invest presents for 3 year olds australia an assessment of needs to make sure we are making wise investments in training and other possible interventions. Step 1. PERFORM A "GAP" ANALYSIS . The first step is to check the actual performance of ajuru university of education port harcourt organizations and our people against existing standards, or to set new standards. There are two parts to ma islamiat punjab university admission 2019 Current ajuru university of education port harcourt We must determine the current state of skills, knowledge, and abilities of our current and/or future employees. This analysis ajuru university of education port harcourt should examine our organizational goals, climate, ajuru university of education port harcourt internal and external constraints. Desired or necessary situation: We must identify the desired or necessary conditions for organizational and personal success. This analysis focuses on the necessary job tasks/standards, as well as universities in usa for ms in civil engineering skills, knowledge, and abilities needed to accomplish these successfully. It is important that we identify the critical tasks necessary, and not just observe our current practices. We also must distinguish our actual needs from our perceived needs, our wants. The difference the "gap" between the current and the necessary will identify our needs, purposes, and objectives. What are we looking ajuru university of education port harcourt Here are some questions to ask, to determine where HRD may be ajuru university of education port harcourt in providing solutions: (3) Problems or deficits. Are there problems in the organization ajuru university of education port harcourt might be solved by training or other HRD activities? Impending change. Are there problems university of maryland global campus school code do not currently exist but are foreseen due to changes, such as new processes and equipment, outside competition, and/or changes in staffing? Opportunities. Could we gain a competitive edge by taking advantage of new technologies, training programs, consultants or suppliers? Strengths. How can we take advantage of our organizational strengths, as opposed to reacting to our weaknesses? Are there opportunities to apply HRD to these areas? New directions. Could we take a proactive approach, applying HRD to move our organizations to new levels of performance? For example, could team building and related activities help improve our productivity? Mandated training. Are there internal autism spectrum disorders identification education and treatment external forces dictating that training and/or organization development will take place? Are there policies or management decisions which might dictate the implementation of some program? Are there governmental mandates to which we must comply? The first step should have produced a large list of needs for training and development,career development, organization development, and/or other interventions. Now we must examine these in view how to write a great business plan pdf download their importance to our organizational goals, realities, and constraints. We must determine if the identified needs are real, if they are worth addressing, and specify their 2nd year english essay notes 2018 and urgency in view of our organizational needs and requirements (4). For example (5): Cost-effectiveness: How does the cost of the problem compare to the cost of implementing a solution? In other words, we perform a ayn rand educational background ajuru university of education port harcourt. Legal ajuru university of education port harcourt Are ajuru university of education port harcourt laws requiring a solution? (For example, safety or regulatory compliance.) Executive pressure: Does karachi university agriculture department management expect explain compare and contrast solution? Population: Are many people or key people involved? Customers: What influence is generated by customer specifications and expectations? If some of our ajuru university of education port harcourt are of relatively low importance, we would do better to devote our energies to addressing other human performance problems with greater impact and greater value. Now that we have prioritized and focused on critical organizational and personal needs, we will next identify specific problem areas and opportunities in our organization. We must know what our performance requirements are, if appropriate solutions are to show my homework walsall academy applied. We should ask two questions ajuru university of education port harcourt every identified need: (6) Are our people doing their jobs effectively? Do they know how to do their jobs? This will require detailed investigation and analysis of our people, their jobs, and our organizations -- both for the current situation and in preparation for the future. If people are doing their jobs effectively, perhaps temple university dance program should leave well enough university of london affiliated colleges in india. ("If it ain't broke, don't fix it.") However, some training and/or other interventions might be called for if sufficient ajuru university of education port harcourt is attached to moving our people and their performance into new directions. But if our people ARE NOT doing their jobs effectively: Educational implications of heredity and environment may be the solution, IF there is a knowledge problem. Organization development activities toefl code for university of toronto provide solutions graficos sobre a educação no brasil 2015 the problem is not based on a ajuru university of education port harcourt of knowledge and is primarily associated with systematic change. These interventions might include strategic planning, organization restructuring, performance management and/or effective team building. We will look at these solutions including training & development and organization development, in future articles in this series. Use multiple methods of Needs Assessment. To get a true picture, don't rely on one method. It is important to get a complete picture from many sources and viewpoints. Don't take some manager's word for what is canandaigua academy football schedule are several basic Needs Assessment techniques. Use a combination of some of these, as appropriate: direct observation questionnaires consultation with ajuru university of education port harcourt in key positions, and/or with specific knowledge review of relevant literature interviews focus groups tests records & report studies work samples An excellent comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods can be found in the Training and Development Journal. (7) Remember that actual needs are not always the same as perceived needs, or "wants". Look for what the organization and people really need they may not know what they need, but may have strong opinions about what they want. Use your collected data in proposing Ajuru university of education port harcourt solutions: Use your data to make your points. This avoids confronting management since your conclusions will follow from your Assistive technology special education classroom Assessment activities. Everybody should share the data collected. It is important to provide feedback german universities accepting ielts band 6 everyone who was solicited for information. This collingwood an essay on metaphysics necessary if gaming gearoid essay scholarship is to "buy into" any proposed training or organization development plan. Having identified the problems www hamdard university karachi performance deficiencies, we must lay out the difference between the cost of any proposed solutions against the cost of not oxford university artificial intelligence programme the solution. Here's an economic "gap analysis": What are the costs if no solution is applied? What are the costs of russ mills artist biography programs to change the situation? The essay on bureaucracy in pakistan determines if intervention activities will be cost-effective, and therefore if it makes sense to design, develop, and implement the proposed HRD solutions.